Shatavari translates to “who possesses a hundred husbands” and has traditionally been used as a general tonic as well as female hormone/reproductive tonic. It is known as the Queen of Herbs in Ayurveda medicine. Studies have shown the extract to be antiulcer, antioxidant, antidiabetic, and contain immune-modulatory activities. Its benefits are suggested for nerve disorders, dyspepsia, diarrhea, dysentery, inflammation, cough, bronchitis, hyperacidity, and infectious disease (1). The main active components in Shatavari are alkaloids, mucilage, and steroidal saponins (2).
Shatavari has been shown to help milk production in mothers (3, 4, 5, 6). One of the mechanisms shown for this has been by increasing prolactin levels (7).
It is known as a well rounded female hormone tonic for many different uses including: “beneficial in female infertility, as it increases libido, cures inflammation of sexual organs and even moistens dry tissues of the sexual organs, enhances folliculogenesis and ovulation, prepares womb for conception, prevents miscarriages, acts as post partum tonic by increasing lactation, normalizing uterus and changing hormones” (8). It can also help with PMS and dysmenorrhea (9).
Many report having symptomatic relief with post-menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, etc. (10). Multiple studies have looked at Shatavari to help prevent post-menopausal bone loss. One found “The results of Shatavari were encouraging, as it has shown not only a decrease in bone loss, but a significant increase in bone formation” (11, 12).
Traditionally it has been used as an aphrodisiac for both men and women. Men consuming Shatavari had similar increase in sexual behavior as those taking testosterone therapy (13). It was also shown to increase erection time, seminal fructose content, and sperm count (14).
Studies have shown Shatavari can help those suffering from ulcers. The “ulcer healing effect of the drug was attributed to a healing effect, possible by potentiating intrinsic protective factor as it has neither antisecretory activity nor antacid properties, by strengthening mucosal resistance, prolonging the lifespan of mucosal cells, increasing secretion and viscosity of mucous and reducing H+ ion back diffusion. It has been found to maintain the continuity and thickness of aspirin treated gastric mucosa with a significant increase in mucosal main. As A. racemosus heals duodenal ulcers without inhibiting acid secretion, it may have cytoprotective action similar action to that of prostaglandin other binding of bile salts” (15, 16, 17).
Taking Shatavari juice has been shown to work as a cough suppressive, as effective as codeine (18). Studies have also shown it to help prevent against kidney stone formation (19). It can also stimulate a healthy peristalsis of the bowels (20).
Shatavari has shown antibacterial properties against: Escherichia coli, Shigella dysenteriae, Shegella sonnei, Shigella flexneri, Vibriocholerae, Salmonella typhi, Salmonella typhimurium, Pseudomonas pectida, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus (21). It also has antiprotozoal activity showing inhibition of Entamoeba histolytica (22).
It has also been shown to help protect the liver and can alter function of macrophages, indicating possible immune-modulatory properties. Traditionally it has been used for depression with “antidepressant activity and this effect is probably mediated through the serotonergic, noradrenergic systems and augmentation of antioxidant defenses”.
Dosage: Take 1 pill 2-3x per day
Warning: Do not take Shatavari while taking lithium or on diuretic medication.
1. Alok, Shashi, et al. "Plant profile, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Asparagus racemosus (Shatavari): A review." Asian Pacific journal of tropical disease 3.3 (2013): 242-251.
2. Romm, Aviva (2017). Botanical Medicine for Women's Health (2nd ed.). Churchill Livingstone. p. 369. ISBN 978-0702061936.
3. Sholapurkar ML. Lactare-for improving lactation. Indian Prac. 1986;39:10231026.
4. Narendranath KA, Mahalingam S, Anuradha V, Rao IS. Effect of herbal galactogogue (Lactare) a pharmacological and clinical observation. Med Surg. 1986;26:1922.
5. Galactogogue effect of Asparagus racemosus. Preliminary communication. Joglekar GV, Ahuja RH, Balwani JH Indian Med J. 1967 Jul; 61(7):165.
6. Alok, Shashi, et al. "Plant profile, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Asparagus racemosus (Shatavari): A review." Asian Pacific journal of tropical disease 3.3 (2013): 242-251.
7. Gupta, Mradu, and Badri Shaw. "A Double-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial for Evaluation of Galactogogue Activity of Asparagus racemosus Willd." Iranian journal of pharmaceutical research: IJPR 10.1 (2011): 167.
8. Sharma K, Bhatnagar M. Asparagus racemosus (Shatavari): A versatile female tonic. Int J Pharm Biol Arch. 2011;2(3):855863.
9. Pandey, Ajai K., et al. "Impact of stress on female reproductive health disorders: Possible beneficial effects of shatavari (Asparagus racemosus)." Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy103 (2018): 46-49.
10. Gujarathi, Jasmine, and Ritesh Gujarathi. "SHATAVARIA BOON FOR WOMEN."
11. Japee, Jasmine, and M. A. Pandya. "A comparative study on shatavari and kukkutanda twak bhasma in minimizing the risk of postmenopausal osteoporosis." AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 30.3 (2009): 317.
12. Thanga, Selva Kumari TR, and Mansi Modi. "Comparative clinical study between lashuna and shatavari in minimizing the risk of postmenopausal osteoporosis." National Journal of Research in Ayurved Science 6.3 (2018).
13. A comparative study on aphrodisiac activity of some ayurvedic herbs in male albino rats. Thakur M, Chauhan NS, Bhargava S, Dixit VK Arch Sex Behav. 2009 Dec; 38(6):1009-15.
14. Thakur, Mayank, et al. "Improvement of penile erection, sperm count and seminal fructose levels in vivo and nitric oxide release in vitro by ayurvedic herbs." Andrologia 43.4 (2011): 273-277.
15. Singh KP, Singh RH. Clinical trial on Satavari (Asparagus racemosus Willd.) in duodenal ulcer disease. J Res Ay Sid. 1986;7:91100.
16. Gastroduodenal ulcer protective activity of Asparagus racemosus: an experimental, biochemical and histological study. Sairam K, Priyambada S, Aryya NC, Goel RK. J Ethnopharmacol. 2003 May; 86(1):1-10.
17. Bhatnagar M, Sisodia SS. Antisecretory and antiulcer activity of Asparagus racemosus Willd. Against indomethacin plus phyloric ligation-induced gastric ulcer in rats. J Herb Pharmacother. 2006;6(1):1320.
18. Mandal, Subhash C., et al. "Antitussive effect of Asparagus racemosus root against sulfur dioxide-induced cough in mice." Fitoterapia 71.6 (2000): 686-689.
19. Christina, A. J. M., et al. "Antilithiatic effect of Asparagus racemosus Willd on ethylene glycol-induced lithiasis in male albino Wistar rats." Methods and findings in experimental and clinical pharmacology 27.9 (2005): 633-638.
20. Dalvi S. S., P. M. Nadkarni and K. C. Gupta. 1990. Effect of Asparagus racemosus (Shatavari) on gastric emptying time in normal healthy volunteers. Journal Postgrad Med, 36:91-4.
21. Evaluation of antibacterial activity of Asparagus racemosus willd. root. Mandal SC, Nandy A, Pal M, Saha BP Phytother Res. 2000 Mar; 14(2):118-9.
22. Roy RN, Bhagwager S, Chavan SR, Dutta NK. Preliminary pharmacological studies on extracts of root of Asparagus racemosus (Satavari), Willd, Lilliaceae. J Res Indian Med. 1971;6:132138.
23. Hypolipidaemic and hepatoprotective effects of ethanolic and aqueous extracts from Asparagus officinalis L. by-products in mice fed a high-fat diet. Zhu X, Zhang W, Zhao J, Wang J, Qu W J Sci Food Agric. 2010 May; 90(7):1129-35.
24. Muruganadan S, Garg H, Lal J, Chandra S, Kumar D. Studies on the immunostimulant and antihepatotoxic activities of Asparagus racemosus root extract. J Med Arom PI Sci. 2000;22:4952.
25. Dahanukar S, Thatte U, Pai N, Mose PB, Karandikar SM. Protective effect of Asparagus racemosus against induced abdominal sepsis. Indian Drugs. 1986;24:125128.
25. Thatte U, Chhabria S, Karandikar SM, Dahanukar S. Immunotherapeutic modification of E. coli induced abdominal sepsis and mortality in mice by Indian medicinal plants. Indian Drugs. 1987;25:9597.
26. Antidepressant activity of Asparagus racemosus in rodent models. Singh GK, Garabadu D, Muruganandam AV, Joshi VK, Krishnamurthy S Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2009 Jan; 91(3):283-90.
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